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Juvenile Life Without Parole in North Carolina

This article aims to empirically assess the rise and then the fall in Juvenile Life without Parole (JLWOP) sentencing in a leading sentencing state, North Carolina, to better understand these trends and their implications. By: Ben Finholt, Brandon L. Garrett, Karima Modjadidi, and Kristen Renberg – Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology (2020)

Equity in Criminal Outcomes

December 15, 2020

Undeliverable: Suspended Driver’s Licenses and the Problem of Notice

This article examines the impact of undeliverable mailings when attempting to survey people in North Carolina whose driver’s licenses had been suspended. These undeliverable mailings suggest that large numbers of people, numbering perhaps in the hundreds of thousands in North Carolina, never receive actual notice of either their court date or the drastic consequence of nonappearance.  Further, they may have no idea that the state has suspended their license, and as a result, may suffer severe consequences if later stopped for driving with a revoked license.  We conclude by discussing the due process and policy problems implied by these findings. By: Karima Modjadidi, Brandon L. Garrett, and William Crozier – UCLA Criminal Justice Law Review (2020)

Equity in Criminal Outcomes

The Transparency of Jail Data

Beginning in early 2019, the judges and prosecutors in Durham, North Carolina, adopted new bail policies, reflecting a shift in the pretrial detention framework. This essay provides a firsthand look into the pretrial detention data following these substantive policy changes, and the observations serve as a reflection on how the changes in Durham reflect broader pretrial detention reform efforts. By: William Crozier, Brandon L. Garrett and Arvind Krishnamurthy – Wake Forest Law Review (2020)

Equity in Criminal Outcomes

Wrongful Convictions

This article, first published in the Academy for Justice, A Report on Scholarship and Criminal Justice Reform and then updated and published in the Annual Review of Criminology, describes a revolution in criminal procedure and in law and science research, in response to wrongful convictions. By Brandon Garrett (2020)

Accuracy of Evidence in Criminal Cases

Changing the Law to Change Policing: First Steps

The killing of George Floyd and other Black men and women in 2020 brought to the fore longstanding concerns about the nature of policing in the United States and how it undermines racial equity. As an institution, policing needs significant reconsideration. This report outlines a list of urgently-needed reforms, compiled by a small group of law school faculty, each of whom runs or is associated with an academic center devoted to policing and the criminal justice system. (2020)

Equity in Criminal Outcomes

Convicting with confidence? Why we should not over-rely on eyewitness confidence

Shari R. Berkowitz, Brandon L. Garrett, Kimberly M. Fenn & Elizabeth F. Loftus in Memory 30:1

The authors review what we actually know and do not know about the “initial confidence” of eyewitnesses in the DNA exoneration cases and new research that reveals numerous conditions wherein eyewitnesses with high initial confidence end up being wrong.

Accuracy of Evidence in Criminal Cases

November 23, 2020

Juror Appraisals of Forensic Evidence: Effects of Blind Proficiency and Cross-Examination

By: William Crozier, Jeff Kukucka and Brandon L. Garrett – Forensic Science International (2020)

 

Accuracy of Evidence in Criminal Cases

October 15, 2020

Monitoring Pretrial Reform In Harris County: First Report Of The Court-Appointed Monitor

Wilson Center Faculty Director Brandon Garrett serves as independent monitor for the landmark federal bail reform settlement in Harris County, TX. This first report by the monitor team describes the first six months of work evaluating the implementation of the misdemeanor bail reforms in Harris County, Texas. (2020)

Equity in Criminal Outcomes

August 21, 2020

Gender-Specific Participation and Outcomes among Jail Diversion Clients with Co-Occurring Substance Use and Mental Health Disorders

This study examined the effects of jail diversion participation on treatment utilization, arrest, and incarceration, separately for men and women.

By: Allison G. Robertson, Michele M. Easter, Hsiu-Ju Lin, Dalia Khoury, Joshua Pierce, Jeffrey W. Swanson, and Marvin S. Swartz – Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment (2020)

Behavioral Health Needs

August 15, 2020

Factoring the Role of Eyewitness Evidence in the Courtroom

This study examined the effect of eyewitnesses’ expressed confidence on prospective jurors.

By: Brandon L. Garrett, Alice Liu, Karen Kafadar, Joanne Yaffe, and Chad S. Dodson – Journal of Empirical Legal Studies (2020)

Accuracy of Evidence in Criminal Cases