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Driving Injustice: Consequences and Disparities in North Carolina Criminal Legal and Traffic Debt

North Carolina is our Exhibit A in what can go wrong when an entire state relies on fines and fees from low-level cases to generate revenue. A team of researchers from the Wilson Center for Science and Justice at Duke Law released this report describing three studies examining fines, fees, and driver’s license suspensions in North Carolina. (2021)

Equity in Criminal Outcomes

December 13, 2021

Juarez v. Garland

This amicus brief was filed on behalf of several scholars and organizations, including Brandon Garrett and Yvette Garcia Missri at the Wilson Center and Gabe Berumen, J.D. Candidate, Class of 2023, Duke University School of Law, and the Idaho Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers. It argues that the Board of Immigration Appeals erred in concluding that an individual drug substance is an element of the state’s criminal code.

Accuracy of Evidence in Criminal Cases

October 15, 2021

Monitoring Pretrial Reform In Harris County: Third Report Of The Court-Appointed Monitor

Wilson Center Faculty Director Brandon Garrett serves as independent monitor for the landmark federal bail reform settlement in Harris County, TX. This first report by the monitor team describes the first eighteen months of work evaluating the implementation of the misdemeanor bail reforms in Harris County, Texas. (2021)

Equity in Criminal Outcomes

August 21, 2021

State v. Richardson

This amicus brief filed on behalf of the Innocence Project and the Wilson Center argues that the bite mark evidence and testimony used in State v. Richardson lacked scientific foundation.

Accuracy of Evidence in Criminal Cases

March 15, 2021

Monitoring Pretrial Reform in Harris County: Second Report of the Court-Appointed Monitor

Wilson Center Faculty Director Brandon Garrett serves as independent monitor for the landmark federal bail reform settlement in Harris County, TX. This second report by the monitor team describes the first year of work evaluating the implementation of the misdemeanor bail reforms in Harris County, Texas. (2021)

Equity in Criminal Outcomes

Life Without Parole Sentencing in North Carolina

What explains the puzzle of life without parole (LWOP) sentencing in the United States? In the past two decades, LWOP sentences have reached record highs, with over 50,000 prisoners serving LWOP. Yet during this same period, homicide rates have steadily declined. To shed light on what might explain the sudden rise of LWOP, this report examines characteristics of the more than 1,627 cases in which LWOP was imposed from 1995 to 2017, in North Carolina, one of the states that imposes the largest numbers of these sentences. By: Brandon L. Garrett, Travis M. Seale-Carlisle, Karima Modjadidi, and Kristen M. Renberg in North Carolina Law Review (2021)

Equity in Criminal Outcomes

January 15, 2021

Judging Eyewitness Evidence

Researchers have shown how eyewitness misidentification results in conviction of the innocent — and revealed the role that poorly designed and suggestive police procedures can play. This article examines the role that poorly designed court procedures can play.By: Brandon L. Garrett – Judicature (2020)

Accuracy of Evidence in Criminal Cases

December 15, 2020

Driven to Failure: An Empirical Analysis of Driver’s License Suspension in North Carolina

This study describes North Carolina’s population of suspended drivers and assesses how driver’s license suspension statutes operate relative to geography, race, and poverty level. By: William E. Crozier and Brandon L. Garrett – Duke Law Journal (2020)

Equity in Criminal Outcomes

Error Rates, Likelihood Ratios, and Jury Evaluation of Forensic Evidence

This study examines the impact of providing jurors with testimony further qualified by error rates and likelihood ratios, for expert testimony concerning two forensic disciplines: commonly used fingerprint comparison evidence and a novel technique involving voice comparison. By: Brandon L. Garrett, William E. Crozer, and Rebecca Grady – Journal of Forensic Sciences (2020)

Accuracy of Evidence in Criminal Cases

Judging Risk

This article examines in detail the judging of risk assessment and why decisionmakers so often fail to consistently use such quantitative information. By: Brandon L. Garrett and John Monahan – California Law Review (2020)

Accuracy of Evidence in Criminal Cases